About antique Prints of Ottoman Turkey & Persia
Russia gained the right to maintain a fleet in the Black Sea after two wars 1768-1792. In the 19th Century the Ottoman Empire was weakening. Russia supported the rise of Nationalism with the independence of the former Ottoman provinces of the Slav people of the Balkans. Romania, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria achieved Autonomy. It is in this period of time that Julia Pardoe (1804-1862) prolific, versatile writer from Yorkshire, travelled with her father Major Thomas Pardoe to Turkey. She had a deep knowledge of the people, manners, and conditions, and together with the artist and illustrator W.H.Bartlett produced The Beauties of the Bosphorus in 1839. There are many examples of the illustrations.
Britain, France, Austria and Russia tried to take advantage of the potential crumbling of Turkey. In 1826 Mahmud II abolished the Janissary corps, and established a modern Army. The Western powers feared that under the pretext of defending the Orthodox Christians (treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji 1774), Russia would continue to expand South.
This led eventually to the Crimean War (1853-1856) See Battles.
The Treaty of Sèvres abolished the Ottoman Empire, and obliged Turkey to renounce all rights over Arab Asia, and Africa